Within the Ronay family, originally from Budapest, several members were recognized as the preferred jewelers of the court of Emperor Franz Joseph, head of the Austro-Hungarian empire until the First World War. Frank Ronay, one of the members born in 1887, emigrated to Mexico in 1923 and created the "First National Factory of Alhajas, SA", which was the first professional jewelry factory in the Mexican Republic officially recognized by the government.
His great knowledge in gems and high quality manufacturing techniques gives him the necessary prestige to have clients from the highest social spheres, as well as patriarchs of the Catholic Church in Mexico. Thanks to this trajectory and the trust he earned, in 1945 Frank Ronay was granted the privilege of designing and manufacturing the crown of the Virgin of Guadalupe to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of her coronation in 1895.
The Mexican episcopate and clergy on behalf of the Catholic people of Mexico, offered to the Blessed Virgin of Guadalupe on December 12, 1945, a true work of art. 18 Mexican technicians, artists and workers participated in its preparation, under the direction of the diamond maker Frank Ronay. It took six months to elaborate this meritorious work that began on March 5, 1945. The crown was delivered on September 5 of that same year.
The Crown is in the Louis XV style and was made of silver gilded with 24k gold; the molding ribs are also fire-gilded; It has branches that come down between the gaps left by the finials, the roses are made of gold to offer contrast; at the center finials are placed between golden ornaments, the shields of the eight Mexican archdioceses, with the names of the suffragan dioceses, in colored enamel. On top of the cross there is a sphere that represents the world, measuring 57 centimeters; its diameter is 45 centimeters and its weight is 14.5 kilograms.
The finial corresponding to the Archdiocese of Mexico, in addition to its shield, has twelve rubies and a natural pendant pearl; the other finials of the Archdioceses, alternately, in addition to twelve rubies each one, a rosette of diamonds with a pearl in the center, which is also pendant. The eight fleurs-de-lis have 41 diamonds each, in addition to two rubies, two emeralds and a gemstone. The lower belt, four belts with very rich gemstones with the Mexican national colors, emeralds, pearls, diamonds and rubies in profusion. The top belt, 10 emeralds, 19 pearls and 10 diamonds, an emerald in the center, three more rosettes with 32 diamonds and a pearl in the center, three more rosettes with 32 diamonds and a pearl in the center each, and two more rosettes with 22 diamonds and sapphires in total.
The lower belt is adorned with 53 pearls, 10 rubies and 10 emeralds.
The richest and most beautiful thing is the emerald cross that matches the diamonds and gemstones. It has 56 diamonds of 5/10; four 3-carat emeralds and a 2.63-carat gemstone. The base of the cross bears a circle of jewels in which another 2.65-carat 12-ruby gemstone stands out; There is another belt at the base of the sphere with a French ring in platinum, with baguette cut diamonds weighing 5 carats, 18 pearls, 3 emeralds and 2 rubies.
The precious stones, and the metals that were used in the crown, were generously contributed by numerous ladies and gentlemen of the people of Mexico.
In order to commemorate the 1895 and 1945 coronations of the Virgin of Guadalupe as Queen of the Americas, the renowned jeweler Frank Ronay, grandson and namesake of the designer and manufacturer of the original 1945 crown and honoring more than 100 years of family tradition in the jewelry trade, has taken the initiative to create a medal to remind us of the aforementioned dates.
With great dedication, Frank Ronay has designed a cameo made of natural agate, reproducing the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe surrounded by a halo of flowers.
The result of these creative efforts is a beautiful 18-karat gold-plated 925 silver necklace that, when exposed to direct light, reflects the coronation of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
This piece is the result of five generations of the Ronay family in the art of jewelry and seeks to remind us and celebrate the historic moment of the coronation of the Virgin in 1945.